For many decades, an extensive research has been conducted on the question of
leadership in various organizations, including schools. However, the nature of leadership
and its effect upon schools has remained vague. Most of the definitions of leadership tend
to see in it a process of influence directed at an individual or a group. For example, Hoy
& Miskel, leading researchers in the field on educational administration in the US, have
chosen to define educational leadership as: "a social process in which a member or several
members in a group or an organization affect the rendition of external and internal events,
the choice of desired purposes or outputs, the organization of work activities, the abilities
and motivation of an individual, the balance of power and the groups' mutual orientation"
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