The article is devoted to the problem of perception and understanding of the general literary, non-restricted vocabulary by modern schoolchildren. The authors give examples of incorrect or inaccurate understanding of lexical units, which are gradually becoming obsolete in the process of political, economic, socio-cultural changes in society, consider the phenomenon of agnonymy at different levels of education. The analysis of such units allows us to conclude that the words agnonyms, found in the text, make it difficult for him to take a holistic perception due to the appearance of lacunae of understanding associated with the absence of a lexical unit in the thesaurus of a modern young person. What is important is the methodical conclusion that the teacher takes into account frequency situations when for him the lexical unit is commonly used, known, and for the student it is little or unknown.
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