This paper describes the concept of developing and streamlining scientific thinking in the humanities and real sciences. The problem of the direction of thinking of scientific gardening according to the field of study is addressed. In the paper, reference is made to various existing theories regarding scientific reasoning, problem types, heuristics, inventive problem-solving algorithms, and an analysis of the route is attempted from the perspective of the theories presented by D. Klahr, D. Lenat, Kr. Moritz, G. Altshuller, R. Paul, B. Noel and others. The paper concludes with a conceptual model proposed by the author based on the analysis of specialized literature. Based on the outlined methodological benchmarks and the theoretical approaches presented regarding the development and efficiency of scientific thinking among teachers from different fields, a set of strategies was proposed to improve the efficiency of scientific thinking among teachers universally applicable both from the perspective of the humanities and from the perspective of real sciences. Finally, the problem of the development of scientific thinking both from the perspective of humanities and real sciences is solved from this perspective.
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