In this work are presented the results of field investigations referring to the reproduction strategies of the Pelophylax esculenta complex. Amphibians, represents a special study object for researchers because this are the first vertebrate animals that have conquered the dry land. Internationally, this study being analyzed from the most diverse points of view: morphological, physiological, systematic, phylogenetic, ecological, and so on, but nationally the research is incomplete. For this purpose, the authors carried out a complex study and deciphered the most important aspects of reproductive strategies behavior of these vertebrate animals. The reproduction behavior of Pelophylax esculenta complex is one that evolved during their evolution and is one of the important components of the process of adaptation of amphibian populations to the conditions of the temperate environment of the Earth.
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